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Civil Services Interview


Civil Services Interview

First of all StepUp IAS congratulates all candidates who got the opportunity to face Civil Services Interview. Now on one hand you are happy but you definitely have pressure to get good score in your civil services interview. Now many questions arise such as where should I join for mock interview.How to start? Etc. But what I felt during my last 15 years of experience that a candidate must give much time on himself rather than running here and there. Also one should appear only for 3 to 4 mock interview at a regular interval. Following are the most important things one should keep in mind during interview preparation. We are also providing expected question on many issues spanning from biodata to socio-political and economic conditions which are important for India.  
Qualities of An Interview Candidate                                                                                     For PDF copy of This Document Click Here

    Confidence
    Politeness
    Effective Communication skill
    Knowledge
    Honesty and Integrity
    Balanced outlook
    Leadership Qualities
    Analytical ability
    Decision making skills
Test of Confidence
Body indicators:
•    Posture
•    Eye Contact
•    Apologetic/ nervous
•    Shaking of hands
Verbal Indicators
    Tremors
    Give up
    Reversal of Stand
    Haste
Tips for Confidence
    Wash your face before the interview
    Press your legs down- posture improve
    Breath control
    Recall positive events in the past
    Control of hand movements
    Rotation of looks and Corner look
    Patient Listening
Test of Politeness
    Loud voice.
    Listening v/s Interrupting
    “No Sir”, “But Sir” :Overruling the members
    Superiority complex: “My Expertise”, “My knowledge in this field”
    Stubborn attitude/ Arrogance
    Body posture and expressions
Politeness: some tips
    Respect the age of Panel Members
    Acknowledge their greater experience, exposure and expertise
    Be an active listener
    Use soft words
    Show willingness to accept your mistake, if proven to be wrong
Test of Communication Skills
    Repeated fumbles like “Aa…aa”
    Low voice/Extra-loud voice
    Undue haste
    Search for words
    Impropriety of words 
    Non-verbal communication (e.g. shrug)
Test of Knowledge
1.    Precise answer v/s Beating around the Bush
2.    Correct answer v/s Bluffing
3.    Confident answer v/s Fumble
4.    Answer v/s Apology
Knowledge: Points to remember
1.    Lack of knowledge is no sin
2.    Omniscience is a myth
3.    One question may have different ANSWERS, each being correct
4.    The expression of knowledge, i.e. Communication Skills matter more
5.    Application of Knowledge to
      Everyday life
6.    To the civil services
Tips for better communication
Mug up important phrases:
a)    IF don’t know: I’m sorry, I’m afraid, I should confess, I am cornered, I need to learn more etc.
b)    IF opinions differ: Based on my limited exposure I feel that; With due regards to you sir, I sincerely feel; I beg to differ
c)    IF confused: Pardon sir, am I supposed to answer this or that?, My apology sir, I couldn’t hear the question properly.
Leadership: Balanced outlook
i.    Remember, balanced outlook doesn’t mean no outlook
ii.    Never speak as a philosopher
iii.    Blame game “They should do” – Rather say what “We should do”
iv.    Use soft words if comments against the government
Analytical ability and Decision Making
Analysis: break up
Two types of Questions in the Interview
i.    Straight Forward Q. – Come to the point, 
ii.    Complex decision making Q.:
•    Take a pause, think
•    Divide the question into parts

Two ways of Answering:
i.    Give opinion first and then justify:
•    When opinion is easy/known/prepared
ii.    Justify first, and then opine
•    When opinion is complex and is testing one’s religious/ethnic/political affiliations.
Analytical ability and Decision Making
Division Criteria:
    Positive- Negative
    Internal -External
    Political, Social, Economical
    Government- People
    First-Second-Third
    Bright Side-Dark/Flip Side
Two Important Principles of Interview
1.    Interview is an attitudinal battle. If u feel u can, u can.
2.    Interview is a selection process, and not an elimination process.

7.  QUESTIONS ON ECONOMY


Q: Speak negatively about the Indian economy for 1 minute?
Q: What do you understand by corporate social responsibility?
Q: What do you understand by Repo Rate and Reverse Repo Rate?
Q: Do you have an idea about what is the Gandhian Economic Model?
Q: Do you think that Gandhian economic model is relevant today?
Q: What do you understand by the term the stock exchange? Why is it called so?
Q: Can you name some regulatory authorities of India in the different fields? Please comment on their working.
Q: What do you understand by the security transaction tax?
Q: What is structured unemployment?
Q: What is disguised unemployment?
Q: Please differentiate between the budgetary deficit fiscal deficit and the primary deficit.
Q: What do you mean by balance of payment?
Q: What role does the forex reserve play in the economy of a country? What are the factors on which this is dependent?
Q: What steps should India take to tackle the energy deficit?
Q: Do you support Disinvestment?


8. QUESTION BASED ON SCIENCE


Q: What is biometric identification? How does it work?
Q: What’s the principal behind the working of a microwave oven?
Q: What is the basic principle behind the particle accelerator used to find the Higgs Boson?
Q: What is Higgs Boson?
Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy?
Q: What do you mean by Green House Farming?
Q: It is claimed that Indian ancient Science was much ahead of the contemporary science. What are your views on this?
Q: What do you mean by a supercomputer? How many super computers do we have?
Q: What is the difference between an LCD and an LED TV?
Q: What is the difference between the GSM and the CDMA technologies?
Q: What do you mean by biotechnology?


9. QUESTION ON ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT


Q: What do you understand by the Green House Effect?
Q: What do you understand by global warming? What are its main causes?
Q: What are the harmful effects of global warming?
Q: What are the steps been taken by the Indian Government to control global warming?
Q: What are the carbons credits?
Q: What do you understand by the term Eco tourism?
Q: What steps can be taken to stop the melting of glaciers?
Q: What is Kyoto Protocol?
Q: What is a green building?


10. SOCIAL ISSUES


Q: Speak negatively for the Indian social system for 2 minutes?
Q: What are the reasons behind the crime against women in India?
Q: Do you think that the problems being faced by the women in the rural and urban areas are different?
Q: What do you understand gender neutrality? How can it be achieved?
Q: Do you think that the men and women have different abilities of handling a particular situation? Who is better in your opinion?
Q: Please tell us certain programs that have been started by the government of India for the upliftment of the women?
Q: What do you mean by universalization of the elementary education? Critically comment on the role of private sector in the education system of India.
Q: When it comes to the world class educational institution, Indian is still lagging far behind. What are the reasons for this?
Q: What do you mean by the Human Development Index?
Q: Why is India at such a low rank in the HDI?
Q: What do you understand by consumerism? Is it good or bad for the country?
Q: What do you understand by westernization of the society? Is it good for the country?
Q: What is “Happiness Index”? How is it different from HDI?


11. QUESTION ON POLICY AND INDIA’S RELATIONS WITH THE WORLD


Q: What are the major challenges the Indian Foreign policy faces today?
Q: What should be India’s priority areas in terms of foreign relations?
Q: What do you think are the areas where the Indian foreign policy needs to be reviewed?
Q: Do you feel that the Current Indian foreign policy has remarkably diverted from the Nehruvian foreign policy? In your opinion is this shift a positive or a negative thing?
Q: Is the NAM relevant today?
Q: Is the SAARC relevant today?
Q: Can you suggest solution to Kashmir Problem?
Q: Should the line of control be transformed to the international boundary?
Q: What do you mean by Track 1 Track 2 and Track 3 diplomacy?
Q: What steps should be taken to tackle the recent Chinese excursion at the Sino-Indian border?
Q: What is Look East Policy?
Q: What do you mean by Look West Policy?


12. QUESTION ON DEFENCE AND STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK


Q: What do you understand by the term geopolitics?
Q: Can you illustrate how the geopolitics of the Indian subcontinent has its impact over India’s foreign policy?
Q: What are the major challenges to the Indian maritime security?
Q: What steps should be taken to modernize our armed forces?
Q: What do you have to say about the recent accusation of corruption in the armed forces?
Q: Should private companies be included in the production of various defense requirements?
Q: Who is a field marshal?


13. QUESTION ON GEOGRAPHY


Q: What is the total length of India’s border?
Q: What is the total length of India’s maritime boundary?
Q: How many islands does India have?
Q: What are the prospects of the wind power energy in India?    
Q: How can India realize its complete hydel power potential?
Q: What are the opportunities and challenges provided by the unique climatic conditions in India?
Q: Can India be administrative better if the states are based on the geographical divisions?


14. QUESTION ON THE JUDICIARY


Q: What do you think is the primary cause for such a huge pendency of cases in India? Can you suggest some steps to reduce it?
Q: What do you understand by the concepts of the fast-track courts?
Q: What do you understand by the term rule of law?
Q: What do you understand by the natural justice?
Q: What do you understand by the term due process of law?
Q: What are the challenges being faced by the Indian judiciary today?
Q: What do you mean by the public interest litigation and who introduced this concept to the Indian judicial system?
Q: Have the consumer courts been effective?
Q: What do you understand by the Quasi- Judicial powers? In what authorities these powers are entrusted?


15. QUESTIONS ON SIMILAR WORDS AND TERMS


Q: Can you differentiate between debate, speech, declamation, and discussion?
Q: What is the difference between the ALL India Service and the Central service?
Q: Is there any difference between the renewable energy and non-conventional energy?
Q: Please differentiate between inflation, deflation, and stagflation?
Q: What’s the difference between recession and the economic slowdown?
Q: What is the difference between an epidemic and endemic?
Q: What is the difference between a militant and a terrorist?
Q: What is the difference between a high commissioner and an ambassador?
Q: What is the difference between the terms geostationary orbit and geosynchronous orbit?
Q: What is the difference between a copyright, a trademark, and a patent?
Q: What is the difference between the twins and the clones?
Q: What is the difference between growth and development?
Q: Please differentiate between a biosphere reserve, a national park, and wildlife century.
Q: What’s the difference between the terms climate and weather?
Q: What’s the difference between the rule of law and due process of law?
Q: What is the difference between the human rights and the fundamental rights?
Q: What is the difference between a leader and a manager?
Q: What is the difference between leadership, administrative and management?
Q: What’s the difference between recession and depression?
Q: What’s the difference between FDI and FII?
Q: What’s the difference between cost push inflation and demand pull inflation?
Q: What is the difference between Economy and Economics?
Q: What is the difference between Trade and Commerce?
Q: What is the difference between Games and Sports?
Q: What is the difference between Officer and Official?
Q: What is the difference between a Woman and a Female?
Q: What is the difference between Marriage and Wedding?
Q: What is the difference between Polity and Politics?
Q: What is the difference between Geography and Geology?
Q: What is the difference between Gadgets and Machines?
Q: What is the difference between Fashion and Style?
Q: What is the difference between Drugs and Medicine?
Q: What is the difference between Plan, Programme, and Policy?
Q: What is the difference between Accountability and Responsibility?
Q: What is the difference between Author and Writer?
Q: What is the difference between Anonymous and Unknown?
Q: What is the difference between Culture and Civilization?
Q: What is the difference between Values, Morals, and Ethics?
Q: What is the difference between Leader and Manager?
Q: What is the difference between Government and Governance?
Q: What is the difference between Decentralization, Delegation, Devolution, and Deconcentration?
Q: What is the difference between Race and Ethnicity?
Q: What is the difference between the plebiscite and the referendum?
Q: What is the difference between the civil services and public services?
Q: What is the difference between the Naxalism and Maoism?
Q: What is the difference between Communalism and fundamentalism?


16. WEIRD QUESTION


Q: What is so good about this morning?
Q: Why you selected a particular color for your shirt for today?
Q: How many times you cross your tie to make a tie knot?
Q: If one square inch of your head contains 1000 hair, then what is the approximate number of hair on your head?


17. QUESTION ON GENERAL AWARENESS


Q: What is the difference between Group “B” service been recruited by the UPSC and a Group “B” service being recruited by some other recruiting agency?
Q: What do you mean by meditation?
Q: What do you understand by Yoga?
Q: Is there any difference between the Yoga and Meditation?
Q: What is ‘Classical’ about classical music or classical dance or classical singing?
Q: What do you understand by white revolution, blue revolution, orange revolution, yellow revolution, pink revolution, rainbow revolution?
Q: What do you understand by the term medical tourism?


 

EXPECTED QUESTIONS
1.  Personal Questions
Q: What is  the meaning of your name?
Q:  What is the meaning of your surname?
Q:  Tell us about yourself?    
Q: How would your friends describe you?
Q: What is your roll number?
Q: Why you want to become a civil servant?
Q: Why should we select you?
Q: Who is your role model?
Q: Who has been the motivating factor for you to opt for civil services?
Q: What is your aim in the life?
Q: What is your personal goal in the life?
Q: What will you do if you’re not selected?
Q: What is your plan B?
Q: How do you look yourself five years from now?
Q: Give us an example of a situation where you acted honestly?
Q: Give us an example of a situation where you acted dishonestly?
Q: Which is your favourite newspaper and why?
Q: Which is your favourite magazine and why?
Q: Which is your favourite news channel and why?
Q: Which is your favourite journalist and why?
Q: Which is your favourite movie and why?
Q: Which is your favourite actor and why?
Q: Which is the latest book you have read?
Q: Who is your favourite author and why?
Q: Are you a religious person?
Q: What is the difference between the religion and the spirituality?
Q: Are you a religious or a spiritual person?
Q: Which games do you play?
Q: What are the sites you generally browse on the internet?
Q: How can you be an asset for the government?
Q: What is your greatest strength?
Q: What is your greatest weakness?
Q: What is your view regarding your leadership skills?
Q: If you are comfortable, please share a moment where you felt embarrassed.
Q: Have you ever solved a particular problem with some out of box solution?
Q: Do you consider yourself to be a risk taker?
Q: How did you prepare for the Personality Test?
Q: Did you join any coaching institute for the

Personality Test?
Q: What motivates you?
Q: Who is your biggest inspiration?
Q: What is the thing you hate the most?
Q: What is the thing you love the most?
Q: Which is your favourite fruit and why?
Q: If given a chance with whose life would you want to swap your life and please tell us the reasons also.
Q: Do you consider yourself to be an optimist? Why or why not?
Q: If an angel comes to you and asks to make any three wishes, what those would be?
Q: Can you share with us an example where you solved an ethical dilemma.
Q: How do you deal with stress?
Q: Do you consider yourself to be a satisfied person?
Q: What makes you happy?
Q: What’s your idea of entertainment?
Q: What do you do in your leisure time?
Q: What’s the difference between smart work and hard work? To which category you belong?
Q: What’s your definition of success?
Q: Why you have chosen this optional?
Q: How would your optional help you in the administration?
Q: What, in your opinion, are the qualities of a good administration?
Q: Is honesty a subjective thing?
Q: What are three things that are inevitable for success?
Q: What are the three things to be avoided to avoid failure?
Q: If you can plant one idea into my thought process/mind what would that be?
Q: According to you, who is the luckiest person on this earth?
Q: What are the headlines today?
Q: What is your choice in terms of gender for your first child & why?
Q: What is your favorite sport?
Q: Who is your favorite sport person?
2. Hypothetical Questions
Q: What will be your priorities if you are the DM of your district?
Q: What will be your priorities if you are the SP of your district?
Q: What steps will you take as the DM if a communal riot breaks out in your area?
Q: What will be the steps you will take as the DM to improve the administration?
Q: What’s your vision for an ideal district and ideal state?
Q: Suggest certain steps to tackle the problem of illiteracy in your district?
Q: Suggest certain steps to eradicate the problem of poverty in your district?
Q: Suggest certain concrete measures to counter the menace of corruption in your district?
Q: What will be your vision as the Prime Minister of India?
Q: What will be your vision as the Chief Minister of your state?
Q: What would be your plan of action if you are made the finance minister of India?
Q: What would be your plan of action if you are made the defence minister of India?
Q: What will you do if you are pressurized by your political superiors or the seniors to take a step which is illegal?


3. View based Questions 


Q: Do you favour the idea that no candidate should be given the home cadre if he gets selected for an All India Service?
Q: In the light of the fact that smoking is injurious to health should smoking be banned all together?
Q: Should the sale of liquor be banned and the country be made as dry?
Q: Suggest certain reforms for the civil services examination.
Q: Are you in favour of compulsory voting?
Q: Are you in favour of reservation for women in the legislatures?
Q: Do you think the entire affirmative action paradigm needs to be redesigned?
Q: Has the reservation system been a success or a failure?
Q: Do you think that the concept of creamy layer in the OBCs is justified?
Q: Do you think the concept of creamy layer should be applied to the SCs and STs as well?
Q: What are your views on the sting operations?
Q: What are your views on the paid news?
Q: What are your views on the investigative journalism?
Q: What are your views on the media activism?
Q: What are your views on the trial by media?
Q: What are your views related to the judicial activism?
Q: Is astrology a science or superstition?
Q: Is vastu a science or superstition?
Q: What are your views on the alternative methods of healing?
Q: Please share with us your vision of harnessing India’s Demographic dividend?
Q: What’s your opinion about interlink of the rivers?
Q: Of late, there has been an increasing clamour that the laws meant for the protection of the women, like the anti-dowry law, are often being misused to harass the men and their families. What are your views about this?
Q: Has secularism successful in India?
Q: In your opinion is India a beneficiary or a loser in the context of globalization.
Q: Professionals have a narrow point of view and know more about less, which gives them a disadvantages position vis-à-vis the genaralists. Comment.
Q: Do you think that if the civil servants are suitably compensated, the corruption would stop?


4.  Question related to IT


Q: Suggest us some steps to achieve the target of e-governance?
Q: Being an administrator tomorrow, how will you use the information technology for the better governance?
Q: What do you understand by digital  divide? How can you bridge it?
Q: What are the hurdles in the way of e-governance in India?
Q: Who are netizens? How are they different from the citizens ?
Q: What do you understand by Internet browser?
Q: What do you understand by the term social media?
Q: What do you understand by the term micro blogging?
Q: What do you understand by the term IP address and what is its significance?
Q: What do you understand by cloud computing?
Q: Who owns the internet and all the information on it?
Q: Please comment on the role of Information Technology in the field of medicine.
Q: What’s the role of Information Technology in the judiciary?
Q: What do you mean by a search engine? Name a few.
Q: How can we control the obscenity on the internet?
Q: How IT can help in achieving the paperless government?
Q: State the steps required to start an IT revolution in the government bodies?


5. QUESTION ON  POLITY AND CONSTITUTION


Q: Speak negatively about the Indian Political System for 2 minutes?
Q: Tell us briefly about the various types of motions been used in the parliament.
Q: Do you think the linguistic criterion of forming the states is a right criterion?
Q: Do you think India needs more sates?
Q: What are the benefits and problems of small states?
Q: In your opinion which is the most important amendment done to the constitution of India since independence?
Q: What do you understand by the term minority?
Q: What all minorities are being recognized by the constitution of India?
Q: Do you think that the post of the governor should be abolished?
Q: Do you think that it is the time for India to switch over to the presidential form of government?
Q: What are the views regarding the opinion polls and the exit polls?
Q: Should there be state funding of elections?
Q: What is the meaning of the term delegated legislation?
Q: What is the double jeopardy?
Q: What do you mean by Colourable legislation?
Q: What are the different types of majority needed to pass bill in the parliament?
Q: Is the Prime Minister of India the head of the government or the head of the state?
Q: What is the national language of India?
Q: Should the maximum age of the civil services be reduced?
Q: Should there be any minimum educational qualification for a person to be a minister?
Q: Should uniform civil code be applied to India?
Q: Briefly tell us to significant recommendations of the second administrative reforms commission.
Q: How can you justify the concept of the Rajya Sabha when its members are not elected by the people?
Q: What are your views regarding section 377 of IPC?
Q: What are your views regarding section 309 of IPC?
Q: What do you mean by the basic features of the constitution?
Q: Should we do away with such a lengthy constitution?
Q: What do you understand by the concept of Lokpal?


6. QUESTION RELATED TO GOVERNANCE AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION


Q: What do you mean by the governance?
Q: Please tell us some of the important initiatives taken by the government of India in the field of E-Governance.
Q: What is the difference between the government and  governance?
Q: Is there any alternative to bureaucracy?
Q: What is the contribution of bureaucracy in the development of this nation?
Q: What has been the impact of liberalization, privatization and globalization on the Indian Bureaucracy?
Q: What are the important problems being faced by the Indian Bureaucracy?
Q: What do you understand by the term social audit?
Q: What do you understand by the term human resource audit?
Q: How the corruption can be reduced in the bureaucracy?
Q: What do you understand by the term decentralized planning?
Q: What do you understand by the term participatory democracy?
Q: What do you mean by the administrative law? How is it different from the law of the land?
Q: What do you mean by the term public policy?
Q: What do you understand by the term citizen charter?
Q: How the geography affects the public administrative of any area?
Q: How is public administrative different from the business administrative?
Q: What traits of private organizations should be adopted in the public administration?
Q: How the public administration can be made more efficient?